Ten Platform Commandments

On Monday I gave a talk at DOES18 called “All the World’s a Platform”, where I talked about a bunch of the lessons learned by using and abusing and running and building platforms at scale.

I promised to do a blog post with the takeaways, so here they are.

Platform Commandment #1: Any time you have to think about one particular user, you have failed in some way.  It doesn’t scale.  Just a few one-offs a day will drag you down and drown your forward momentum.

Corollary: you will always have to do this every day.  Solution: turn one-offs into a support problem, not an engineering problem.

Platform Commandment #2: keep your critical path as small and independent as possible.  Have explicit tiers of importance.  You cannot care about everything equally, sacrifices must be made.

Example: at Parse the core API was tier 1, push was tier 2, website was somewhere down around tier 10.  We always knew what to bring up and care about first.

Platform Commandment #3: It is the job of the platform to protect itself at all costs, including at the expense of your app.

Platform Commandment #4: Remember that your platform is a magical black box to your users.  You can’t expect them to behave reasonably without feedback loops and a rich mental model.  Help them out — esp your super-users.  It will save you time if you can help them help themselves.

Platform Commandment #5: Always expose a visible request id, shard id, uuid, trace id, any other relevant diagnostic information in user-visible errors.  Up to the point where it reveals too much exploitable information about your service, which is probably much farther than you think.  Poorly obfuscated infrastructure decisions are usually less of a threat to your business than befuddled users are.

Platform Commandment #6: Your observability must center your users’ perspective, not your own.  The health of the system doesn’t matter.  The health of every request, and every high-cardinality grouping of requests — those are what matter.

You must be able to care about and inspect the perf and quality from the perspective of every single application and/or user and their users, as richly as though theirs was the *only* application.  In real-time. 

Dashboards are practically useless unless you can drill down into them.  Top-10 lists are useless — your biggest customers may not be your most important customers.

Solution: Invest in tooling (like Honeycomb) that lets you slice and dice on dimensions of arbitrary cardinality, so you can do things like a) break down by one uuid out of millions, b) break down by endpoint, latency percentile, raw query, data store, etc — to see what the experience actually looks like for that user, not for a high level aggregate like a dashboard.

Platform Commandment #7: Use end-to-end checks to traverse all the key code paths and architecture paths.

You will be tempted to disable them because they seem flappy and flaky and need to be fixed.  But this is actually what your users are suffering through every day they use your platform.  Don’t disable them, fix them.

Platform Commandment #8: Invest early in every kind of throttle, blacklist, velvet rope, in-flight rewrite, custom url/error responder, content inspection, etc … both partial and total, for every slice of events or users.  You will need all these fine-grained controls to keep your platform alive for 99.9% of users while you debug the .1% who are outliers and bad actors.

Platform Commandment #9: And use a multi-threaded language ffs.

Platform Commandment #10: USE YOUR OWN PLATFORM.  For work, if possible.  Feel the pain that you inflict on others.

Bonus Commandment: all cotenancy isolation guarantees are bullshit**

**from a perf standpoint, not security

Ten Platform Commandments

How to Run a Tech Leadership Skill Share

“How can I learn to be a better manager?  I have no idea what I’m doing.”

“I’m a tech lead, and responsible for shipping large projects, but all of my power is informal.  How do I get people to listen to me and do what I need them to?”

“As a manager, I don’t feel safe talking to anyone about my work problems.  What if it gets passed around as gossip?”

Good questions.

colorful-rainbow

Leadership is such a weird thing.[1]  Leadership is something every one of us does more and more of as we get older and more experienced, but mostly you learn leadership lessons from trial and error and failing a lot.  Which is too bad when you’re doing something you really care about, for the first time.

(Like starting a company.)

I’ve read books on leadership.  I’ve been semi-consensually subjected to management training, I’ve had coaches, I’ve tried therapy and mentors.  Most of this has been impressively (and expensively) unhelpful.

There’s only one thing that has reliably accelerated my development as a leader or manager, and that is forming bonds and swapping stories with my peers.

Stories are power tools.

IMG_1413A story is a tool.  The more stories you have about how other people have solved a problem like yours, the more tools you have.

People are very complicated puzzles, and the more tools you have the more likely you are to find a tool that works.

Unlike management books which speak in abstractions and generalities, stories are real and specific.  When you have the storyteller in front of you, you can drill down and find out more about how the situation was like your own or not, and what they wish they’d done in retrospect.

Details matter.  Context matters.

Sometimes all you really need is a sympathetic ear to listen and make murmuring noises of encouragement while you work it out yourself out loud.  Sometimes they have grappled with a similar situation and can tell you how it all worked out, what they wish they’d known.  Sometimes they will cut you off and tell you to quit feeling sorry for yourself or sabotaging yourself.. if you’re lucky.

Peers?? Why not a ‘mentor’?

No insult meant to anyone who gets a lot out of mentoring, but it isn’t really my bag.  I’ve always had.. let’s say issues with authority.  Which is a nice way of saying “never met a power structure I didn’t simultaneously want to crush and invert”.  So IIMG_0304 prefer the framing of “peers” over even the relatively tame hierarchy of the mentor-mentee relationship.

I mean, one-way relationships are fucked up.  Lots of my peers are more junior than me and some are more senior, yet somehow we all manage to be givers as well as takers.  And if you’re both giving support and receiving it, then what the fuck do you need different roles like mentor and mentee?

I don’t want to be someone’s mentor.  I want to be their friend and to sometimes be helpful.  I don’t want to be someone’s “mentee” either, that makes me feel like their charity case (ha ha).

But friends and peers?  Those just make my life better and awesomer.

From each according to their ability, to each according to their need.

IMG_4766The first year or two of honeycomb, I had a small list of friends who I got dinner or drinks with once a month like clockwork.  Most of them were founders or execs or had been at one point, so they knew how depressed I was without needing to say so.

They listened to my stories (even though I was terrible company), and shared plenty of their own.  They just kept showing up, reminding me to sleep, asking if they could help, not taking it personally whatever state I was in.

These friendships carried me through some dark times.  When Christine’s role required her to level up at leadership skills, I encouraged her to get some peers too.  And that’s when I began to realize some of the limitations of the 1×1 model: it’s very time consuming, and doesn’t scale well.IMG_3881

But hey! scaling problems are fun.  😀   I decided to pull together a peer group where people could come together and give and get support all at the same time.

(Actually two groups.  One for me, one for Christine, so we could complain about each other in proper peace and privacy.)

Practicing vulnerability, establishing intimacy.

It took some time to assemble the right groups, but then we met weekly for 6 weeks straight, and after that roughly once a month for a year.   The six starter weeks were intended to help us practice vulnerability and establish intimacy in a compressed time frame.

IMG_3697Last week was our one-year birthday.

There’s something sterile about management books and leadership material, something that makes it hard for me to emotionally connect my problems to the solutions they preach.  I want advice from someone who knows me in all my strengths and weaknesses, who knows what advice I can take and perform authentically and what I can’t.  Context matters.  Who we are matters.

As word has started to get around about the group, sometimes people ask me about joining or how to form a group of their own.  Turns out lots of people are hungry to get better at leadership, and there are precious few resources.

That’s why I decided to write up and publish my notes.  Everything I learned along the way about how to run a tech leadership skill swap — the logistics, the facilitation, the homework, the ground rules.  Who to invite.  Recommended reading lists.

Here it is: https://github.com/charity/tech-leads-skill-share/.  [2]

(It’s a little rough, but I positively cannot spare any more time.)

This shit is hard.  You need a posse.

Would you like to run a tech leads skill swap?  Please tell me if you do, I would love to know!  IMG_5638I’m happy to help you get started with a phone call, if you want.

All I ask is that you try to pull together a posse that’s at least 50% women, queers, and other marginalized folks.

Good luck. ~charity

IMG_6044[1] I take a pretty expansive view of leadership.  For example, an intern might exercise leadership in the vaunted area of database backups — just by volunteering to own backups, reliably performing said backups and serving as a point of coordination and education for how we do backups here at $corp.

If you have expertise and people rely on you for it, this is a legit form of influence and power … in other words, that’s leadership.

[2] A HUGE thanks to Rachel Chalmers for scribing a first draft of these notes, and to Kris for running the other group and contributing the homework sheet and stories of a related group at twitter.

How to Run a Tech Leadership Skill Share

Shipping Software Should Not Be Scary

On twitter this week, @srhtcn noted that “Many incidents happen during or right after release” and asked for advice on ways to fix this.

And he’s right!  Rolling out new software is the proximate cause for the overwhelming majority of incidents, at companies of all sizes.  Upgrading software is both a necessity and a minor insanity, considering how often it breaks things.

Image result for deploy production memeI’m not going to recap the history of continuous integration and delivery, suffice it to say that we now know that smaller and more frequent changes are much safer than larger and less frequent changes.

But it’s still risky.  And most issues are still caused by humans and our pesky need for “improvements”.  So what can be done?

It’s not ok for software releases to be scary and hazardous

First of all: If releasing is risky for you, you need to fix that.  Make this a priority.  Track your failures, practice post mortems, evaluate your on call practices andImage result for test in production meme culture.  Know if you’re getting better or worse.  This is a project that will take weeks if not months until you can be confident in the results.

You have to fix it though, because these things are self-reinforcing.  If shipping changes is scary and fraught, people will do it less and it will get even MORE scary and treacherous.

Likewise, if you turn it into a non-cortisol inducing event and set expectations, engineers will ship their code more often in smaller diffs and therefore break the world less.

Fixing deploys isn’t about eliminating errors, it’s about making your pipeline resilient to errors.  It’s fundamentally about detecting common failures and recovering from them, without requiring human intervention.

Value your tools more

As an short term patch, you should run deploys in the mornings or whenever everyone is around and fresh.  Then take a hard look at your deploy pipeline.

In too many organizations, deploy code is a technical backwater, an accumulation of crufty scripts and glue code, forked gems and interns’ earnest attempts to hack up Capistrano.  It usually gives off a strong whiff of “sloppily evolved from many 2 am patches with no code review”.Image result for test in production meme

This is insane.  Deploy software is the most important software you have.  Treat it that way: recruit an owner, allocate real time for development and testing, bake in metrics and track them over time.

If it doesn’t have an owner, it will never improve.  And you will need to invest in frequent improvements even after you’re over this first hump.

  • Signal high organizational value by putting one of your best engineers on it.
  • Recruit help from the design side of the house as well.  The “right” thing to do must be the fastest, easiest thing to do, with friendly prompts and good docs.  No “shortcuts” for people to reach for at the worst possible time.  You need user research and design here.  Image result for deploy production meme
  • Track how often deploys fail and why.  Managers should pay close attention to this metric, just like the one for people getting interrupted or woken up, and allocate time to fixing this early whenever it sags.  Before it gets bad.
  • Allocate real time for development, testing, and training — don’t expect the work to get shoved into people’s “spare time” or post mortem cleanup time.  Make sure other managers understand the impact of this work and are on board.  Make this one of your KPIs.Image result for deploy production meme

In other words, make deploy tools a first class citizen of your technical toolset.  Make the work prestigious and valued — even aspirational.  If you do performance reviews, recognize the impact there.

(Btw, “how we hardened our deploys” is total Velocity-bait (&& other practitioner conferences) as well as being great for recruiting and general visibility in blog post form.  People love these stories; there definitely aren’t enough of them.)

Turn software engineers into software owners

The canonical CI/CD advice starts with “ship early, ship often, ship smaller change sets”.  That’s great advice: you should definitely do those things.  But they are covered plenty elsewhere.  What’s software ownership?

Software ownership is the natural end state of DevOps.  Software engineers, operations engineers, platform engineers, mobile engineers — everyone who writes code should be own the full lifecycle of their software.

Software owners are people who:

  1. Write codeImage result for deploy production meme
  2. Can deploy and roll back their own code
  3. Are able to debug their own issues in prod (via instrumentation, not ssh)

If you’re lacking any one of those three ingredients, you don’t have ownership.

Why ownership?  Because software ownership makes for better engineers, better software, and a better experience for customers.  It shortens feedback loops and means the person debugging is usually the person with the most context on what has recently changed.

Some engineers might balk at this, but you’ll be doing them a favor.  We are all distributed systems engineers now, and distributed systems require a much higher level of operational literacy.  May as well start today.

Fail fast, fix fast

This is about shifting your mindset from one of brittleness and a tight grip, to one of flexibility where failures are no big deal because they happen all the time, don’t impact users, and give everyone lots of practice at detecting and recovering from them.

Here are a few of the best practices you should adopt with this practice.

Make operability a high-value skill set.  Never promote someone to “senior engineer” if they can’t deploy and debug their Image result for test in production memeown code.

Software engineers don’t have to become operational experts.  They do need to know the bare basics of instrumentation, deploy/revert, and debugging.

Everyone who puts software in production needs to understand and feel responsible for the full lifecycle of their code, not just how it works in their IDE.

Baking: it’s not just for cookies

Shipping something to production is a process of incrementally gaining confidence, not a switch you can flip.

You can’t trust code until it’s been in prod a while, Image result for deploy production memeuntil you’ve seen it perform under a wide range of load and concurrency scenarios, in lots of partial failure modes.  Only over time can you develop confidence in it not being terrible.

Nothing is production except production.  Don’t rely on never failing; expect failure, embrace failure.  Practice failure!  Build guard rails around your production systems to help you find and fix problems quickly.

The changes you need to make your pipeline more resilient are roughly the same changes you need to safely test in production.  These are a few of your guard rails.

  • Use feature flags to switch new code paths on and offImage result for test in production meme
  • Build canaries for your deploy process, so you can promote releases gracefully and automatically to larger subsets of your traffic as you gain confidence in them
  • Create cohorts.  Deploy to internal users first, then any free tier, etc in order of ascending importance.  Don’t jump from 10% to 25% to 50% and then 100% — some changes are related to saturating backend resources, and the 50%-100% jump will kill you.
  • Have robots check the health of your software as it rolls out to decide whether to promote the canary.  Over time the robot checks will mature and eventually catch a ton of problems and regressions for you.

The quality of code is not knowable before it hits production.  You may able to spot some problems, but you can never guarantee a lack of then.  It takes time to bake a new release and gain incremental confidence in new code.

In summary.

  1. Get someone to own the deploy software
  2. Value the work
  3. Create a culture of software ownership
  4. LOOK at what you’ve done after you do it
  5. Be suspicious of new versions until they prove themselves

Image result for deploy production meme

Two blog posts in one weekend!  That’s definitely never happened before.  Thanks to Baron for asking me to draft this up following the weekend’s twitter thread: https://twitter.com/mipsytipsy/status/1030340072741064704.

 

 

Shipping Software Should Not Be Scary

On Engineers and Influence

(Based on yesterday’s tweetstorm and the ensuing conversation, https://twitter.com/mipsytipsy/status/1029608573217587201)

Let’s talk about influence. As an engineer, how do you get influence? What does influence look like, what is it rooted in, how do you wield it or lose it? How is it different from the power and influence you might have as a manager?[0]

This often comes up in the context of ICs who desperately want to become managers in order to have more access to information and influence over decisions. This is a bad signal, though it’s sadly very common.

When that happens, you need to do some soul-searching. Does your org make space for senior ICs to lead and own decisions? Do you have an IC track that runs parallel to the manager track at least as high as director level? Are they compensated equally? Do youImage result for engineer software meme individual contributorhave a career ladder? Are your decision-making processes mysterious to anyone who isn’t a manager? Don’t assume what’s obvious to you is obvious to others; you have to ask around.

If so, it’s probably their own personal baggage speaking. Maybe they don’t believe you. Maybe they’ve only worked in orgs where managers had all the power. Maybe they’ve even worked in lots of places that said the exact same things as you are saying about how ICs can have great impact, but it was all a lie and now they’re burned. Maybe they aren’t used to feeling powerful for all kinds of reasons.

Regardless, people who want to be managers in order to perpetuate a bad power structure are the last people you want to be managers.[1]

But what does engineering influence look like?  How do your powers manifest?

I am going to avoid discussing the overlapping and interconnected issues of gender, race and class, let’s just acknowledge that it’s much more structurally difficult for some to wield power than for others, ok?

The power to create

Doing is the engineering superpower. We create things with just a laptop and our brain! It’s incredible! We don’t have to constantly convince and cajole and coerce others into building on our behalf, we can just build.

This may seem basic, but it matters. Creation is the ur-power from which all our forms of power flow. Nothing gets built unless we agree to build it (which makes this an ethical issue, too).

Facebook had a poster that said “CODE WINS ARGUMENTS”. Problematic in many ways, absolutely. But how many times have you seen a technical dispute resolved by who wasImage result for code wins arguments facebook willing to do the work? Or “resolved” one way.. then reversed by doing? Doing ends debates. Doing proves theories. Doing is powerful. (And “doing” doesn’t only mean “write code”.)

Furthermore, building software is a creative activity, and doing it at scale is an intensely communal one. As a creative act, we are better builders when we are motivated and inspired and passionate about our work (as compared to say, chopping wood). And as a collaborative act, we do better work when we have high trust and social cohesion.

Engineering ability and judgment, autonomy and sense of purpose, social trust and cooperative behaviors: this is the raw stuff of great engineering. Everybody has a mode or two that they feel most comfortable and authoritative operating from: we can group these roughly into archetypes.

(Examples drawn from some of the stupendously awesome senior engineers I’ve gotten to work with over the years, as well as the ways I loved to fling my weight around as an engineer.)

Archetypes of influence

  • “Doing the work that is desperately hard and desperately needed — and often desperately dull.” SOC2 compliance, backups and restores, terrifying refactors, any auth integration ever: if it’s moving the business forward, they don’t give a shit how dull the work is. If you are this engineer, you have a deep well of respect and gratitude.
  • Debugger of last resort.” Often the engineer who has been there the longest or originally built the system. If you are helpful and cheerful with your history and context, this is a huge asset. (People tend to wildly overestimate this person’s indispensability, actually; please don’t encourage this.)Image result for engineer software meme manager
  • The “expert” archetype is closely related. If you are the deep subject matter expert in some technology component, you have a shit ton of influence over anything that uses or touches that component. (You should stay up on impending changes to retain your edge.)
  • There are people who deliver a bafflingly powerful firehose of sustained output, sometimes making headway on multiple fronts at once. Some work long hours, others just have an unerring instinct for how to maximize impact (this sometimes maps to junior/senior manifestations). Nobody wants to piss off those people. Their consent is critical for … everything. Their participation will often turbo charge a project or pull a foundering effort over the finish line.

Not all influence is rooted in raw technical strength or output.  Just a few of the wide variety of creative/collaborative/interpersonal strengths:

  • Some engineers are infinitely curious, and have a way of consistently sniffing a few steps ahead of the pack. They might seem to be playing around with something pointless, and you want to scold them; then they save your ass from total catastrophe. You learn to value their playing around.
  • Some engineers solve problems socially, by making friends and trading tips and fixes and favors in the industry. Don’t underestimate social debugging, it’s often the quickest path to the right answer.Image result for influence meme
  • Some are dazzlingly lazy and blow your mind with their elegant shortcuts and corners correctly cut.
  • Some are recruiting magnets, and it’s worth paying their salary just for all the people who want to work with them again.
  • Some are skilled at driving consensus among stakeholders.
  • Some are killer explainers and educators and storytellers.
  • Some are the senior engineer everyone silently wants to grow up to be.
  • Some can tell such an inspiring story of tomorrow that everyone will run off to make it so.
  • Some teach by turning code reviews into a pedagogical art form.
  • Some make everyone around them somehow more productive and effective. Some create relentless forward momentum. Some are good at saying no.

And there are a few special wells of power that bear calling out as such.

  • Engineers who have been managers are worth their weight in gold.  They can translate business goals for junior engineers in their native language with impeccable credibility (something managers never really have, esp in junior engineers’ eyes.). They make strong tech leads, they can carve up projects into components that challenge but do not overwhelm each contributor while hitting deadlines.
  • Some engineers are a royal pain in the ass because they questionImage result for engineer software meme individual contributor and challenge every system and hierarchy. But these are sharp, powerful rocks that can polish great teams. Though they do require a strong manager, to channel t
    heir energy towards productive dialogue and improvement and keep them from pissing off the whole team.
  • And let’s not forget engineers who are on call. If you have a healthy on call culture,your ownership over production creates a deep, deep well of power and moral authority — to make demands, drive change, to prioritize. On call should not be a shit salad served up to those who can’t refuse, it should be a badge of honor and seriousness shouldered by every engineer who ships code. (And it should not be miserable or regularly life-impacting.)

… I could go on all day. Engineering is such a powerful role and skill set. It’s definitely worth unpacking where your own influence comes from, and understanding how others perceive your strengths.

Most forms of power boil down to “influence, wielded”.

But just banging out code is not enough. You may have credibility, but having it is not the same as using it. To transform influence into power you have to use it.  And the way you use it is by communicating.

What’s locked up in your head has no impact on the rest of us.  You have to get it out.

You can do this in lots of ways: by writing, in 1x1s, conversations with small groups, openly recruiting allies, convincing someone with explicit authority, broadcasting inImage result for engineer software meme individual contributorpublic, etc.

Because engineering is a creative activity, authoritarian power is actually quite brittle and damaging. The only sustainable forms of power are so-called “soft powers” like influencing and inspiring, which is why good managers use their soft power freely and hard power sparingly/with great reluctance. If your leadership invokes authority on the regular, that’s an antipattern.[2]

If you don’t speak up, you don’t have the right to sit and fume over your lack of influence. And speaking up does mean being vulnerable — and sometimes wrong — in front of other people.

This is not a zero-sum game.

Most of you have far more latent power than you realize or are used to wielding, because you don’t feel powerful or don’t recognize what you do in those terms.

Managers may have hard power and authority, but the real meaty decisions about technical delivery and excellence are more properly made by the engineers closest to them. These belong properly to the doers, in large part because they are the ones who have to support the consequences of these decisions.Image result for engineer software meme individual contributor

Power tends to flow towards managers because they are privy to more information. That makes it important to hire managers who are aware of this and lean against it to push power back to others.

In the same way that submissives have ultimate power in healthy BDSM relationships, engineers actually have the ultimate power in healthy teams. You have the ultimate veto: you can refuse to create.  Demand is high for your skills.  You can usually afford to look for better conditions. Many of you probably should.

And when technical and managerial priorities collide, who wins? Ideally you work together to find the best solution for the business and the people. The teams that feel 🔥on fire🔥 always have tight alignment between the two.

Pick your battles.

One final thought. You can have a lot of say in what gets built and how it gets built, if you cultivate your influence and spend it wisely. But you can’t have a say in everything. It doesn’t work that way.

Think of it like @mcfunley’s famous “innovation tokens”, but for attention and fucks given.
Image result for engineer software meme
The more you use your influence for good outcomes, the more you build up over time, yes … but it’s a precision tool, not background noise. Imagine someone trying to give you a massage by laying down on your whole back instead of pushing their elbow or hand into knots and trigger points. A too-broad target will diffuse your force and limit your potential impact.

Spend your attention tokens wisely.

And once you have influence, don’t forget to use it on behalf of others. Pay attention to those who aren’t being heard, and amplify their voices. Give your time, lend your patronage and credibility, and most of all teach the skills that have made you powerful to others who need them.

charity

P.S. I owe a huge debt to all the awesome senior engineers i’ve gotten to work with.  Mad love to you all.  ❤
Image result for influence meme

  • [0] I successfully answered one (1) of these questions before running out of steam.  Later. 
  • [1] Sheepish confession: this is why I became a manager.
  • [2] It’s also a bad sign if they won’t grant any explicit authority to the people they hold responsible for outcomes. I’m talking about relatively healthy orgs here, not pathological ones where people (often women) are told they don’t need promotions or explicit authority, they should just use their “soft power” — esp when the hard forms of power aligned against with them. That’s setting you up for failure.
  • [3] Some people seem caught off guard by my use of “power” to signal anything other than explicit granted powers by the org. This doesn’t make any sense to me. I find it too depressing and disempowering to think of power as merely granted authority. It doesn’t map to how I experience the world, either. Individual clout is a thing that waxes and wanes and only exists in relation to others’. I’ve seen plenty of weak managers pushed around by strong personalities (which is terrible too).
On Engineers and Influence

An Engineer’s Bill of Rights (and Responsibilities)

Power has a way of flowing towards people managers over time, no matter how many times you repeat “management is not a promotion, it’s a career change.”

It’s natural, like water flowing downhill.  Managers are privy to performance reviews and other personal information that they need to do their jobs, and they tend to be more practiced communicators.  Managers facilitate a lot of decision-making and routing of people and data and things, and it’s very easy to slip into making the all decisions rather than empowering people to make them.  Sometimes you want to just hand out assignments and order everyone to do as told.  (er, just me??)

But if you let all the power drift over to the engineering managers, pretty soon it doesn’t look so great to be an engineer.  Now you have people becoming managers for all the wrong reasons, or everyone saying they want to be a manager, or engineers just tuning out and turning in their homework (or quitting).  We all want autonomy and impact, we all crave a seat at the table.  You need to work harder to save those seats for non-managers.

So, in the spirit of the enumerated rights and responsibilities of our musty Constitution, here are some of the commitments we make to our engineers at Honeycomb — and some of the expectations we have for managering and engineering roles.  Some of them mirror each other, and others are very different.

(Incidentally, I find it helpful to practice visualizing the org chart hierarchies upside down — placing managers below their teams as support structure rather than perched atop.)

 

izeng

Engineer’s Bill of Rights

  1. You should be free to go heads down and focus, and trust that your manager will tap you when you are needed (or would want to be included).
  2. We will invest in you as a leader, just like we invest in managers.  Everybody will have opportunities to develop their leadership and interpersonal skills.
  3. Technical decisions must remain the provenance of engineers, not managers.
  4. You deserve to know how well you are performing, and to hear it early and often if you aren’t meeting expectations.
  5. On call should not substantially impact your life, sleep, or health (other than carrying your devices around).  If it does, we will fix it.
  6. Your code reviews should be turned around in 24 hours or less, under ordinary circumstances.
  7. You should have a career path that challenges you and contributes to your personal life goals, with the coaching and support you need to get there.
  8. You should substantially choose your own work, in consultation with your manager and based on our business goals.  This is not a democracy, but you will have a voice in our planning process.
  9. You should be able to do your work whether in or out of the office. When you’re working remotely, your team will loop you in and have your back.

Engineer’s responsibilities

  • Make forward progress on your projects every week. Be transparent.
  • Make forward progress on your career every quarter.  Push your limits.
  • Build a relationship of trust and mutual vulnerability with your manager andcateng team, and invest in those relationships.
  • Know where you stand: how well are you performing, how quickly are you growing?
  • Develop your technical judgment and leadership skills.  Own and be accountable for engineering outcomes.  Ask for help when you need it, give help when asked.
  • Give feedback early and often, receive feedback gracefully.  Practice both saying no and hearing no.  Let people retract and try again if it doesn’t come out quite right.
  • Own your time and actively manage your calendar.  Spend your attention tokens mindfully.

Manager’s responsibilities

  • Recruit and hire and train your team.  Foster a sense of solidarity and “teaminess” as well as real emotional safety.
  • Care for every engineer on your team.  Support them in their career trajectory, personal goals, work/life balance, and inter- and intra-team dynamics.
  • Give feedback early and often. Receive feedback gracefully. Always say the hard things, but say them with love.
  • Move us relentlessly forward, watching out for overengineering and work that doeasshatsn’t contribute to our goals.  Ensure redundancy/coverage of critical areas.
  • Own the quarterly planning process for your team, be accountable for the goals you set.  Allocate resources by communicating priorities and recruiting eng leads.  Add focus or urgency where needed.
  • Own your time and attention. Be accessible. Actively manage your calendar.  Try not to make your emotions everyone else’s problems (but do lean on your own manager and your peers for support).
  • Make your own personal growth and self-care a priority. Model the values and traits we want our engineers to pattern themselves after.
  • Stay vulnerable.

I’d love to hear from anyone else who has a list like this.

 

asleepatwork

 

 

 

An Engineer’s Bill of Rights (and Responsibilities)

Post-mortem: feminist advice meltdown (March 2nd)

Okay!  As of today it’s been one week since I wrote some advice and the internet exploded in my face, so now it’s time to do what I always do: post mortem that shit.

This is going to be long.  I erred by making my first post too short, so I’m going to ship $(allthedetail) this time.  Duly warned.

ragrets

What happened?

Around 8 am on Friday, March 2nd, after pulling an all-nighter, I decided to pound out a quick blog post that has been on my todo list forever: the only advice I feel equipped to give on how to succeed in tech.

My advice, in brief, was this:

  1. as a junior engineer, tough it out.  work hard, learn everything, earn your stripes.
  2. stay technical.  don’t get sucked into an offramp unless you are god damn sure you want out for good.
  3. once you are senior, use your power to advocate for others and fuck that shit up.

Money, power, credibility.  This is the best way I know how to earn these things.  This is what worked for me and most of the senior technical women I know and admire.

First of all: I don’t think there should be anything controversial at all about this advice.  It’s good advice, if a bit bluntly put.  Pick your battles, show strategic impact, leverage your influence into power and use that power to fuck shit up in the manner of your choosing.

The fact is, we are far too chickenshit about telling young women straight up how to succeed at work.  We praise them for all kinds of dumb shit and second shift work and emotional labor that has little if any strategic impact to the bottom line, and wonder why they’re burned out and resentful.

We live in a fallen world.  I didn’t make it this way, I just want to help you level up to be a powerful destroyer being so you can make it better.

So I hit “publish”.

Around 9:30 am, Camille Fournier gave me a bunch of unsolicited criticism. Unfortunately, due to some sour personal history with Camille I was extremely not disposed to receive this from her.  I can be a resentful little shit: as soon as she told me to change it in certain ways,  it was the last fucking thing in the world I was going to do.

For a few hours, all the feedback was good. People liked my advice to stay technical (“god I wish someone had told me that 15 years ago”) and my pointing out the loophole that lets women advocate for each other without being penalized.

A few people nailed what I was trying to say even better than I did:

But by the end of the day I was receiving a steady stream of angry tweets from people I had never heard of, with objections that seemed puzzling and ridiculous to me.

They were acting as though the sum total of my advice had been ordering bullied and abused people to just shut up and tough it out.  Soon I was getting tweets accusing me of trashing all diversity work, trashing all women, only being out for myself and my own career, erasing sexual assault, being insensitive and destructive to people of color, and on and on.feamale

People were subtweeting me like crazy, or DM’ing me telling me how much they liked my piece but were afraid to say so in public. Others were harassing my engineering managers and people who follow me.

I have never received textual scrutiny of this type before, where every single word was turned over and macerated and peered at for evidence of traitorous views.  It sucks.  (And it’s pretty hypocritical, to say the least … some of these same women who were gleefully bashing me for clumsy words remain good friends with men who are actual known harassers and abusers of women.)

Lots of people wanted me to take the post down immediately, or publish a retraction or correction immediately. Some prominent feminists publicly chided me and refused to talk to me until I repented of my sins.  🙄

Let’s be clear. I have no problem admitting my errors and making amends. I do it all the fucking time. But I am disinclined to grovel before a howling mob.  It wasn’t even clear to me what I had done wrong, given all the contradictory noises.

So I decided to wait a week before responding, so I could talk to people and figure out what to take away from the mess.

(Also last week: traveled to multiple continents, flew a few dozen hours, wrote multiple talks, delivered presentations at various conferences and meetups, visited and pitched to potential customers, managed a handful of teams, fit 1x1s in between hops and time zones and you know just tried to do my fucking job while dealing with crazed nuts screaming abuse at me online.)

I had a couple of hard but helpful conversations with people like Alice Goldfuss and Courtney Nash, who took the time to walk me through ways that what I wrote may be misinterpreted or wrongly received. This feedback can mostly be bucketed into the following categories:

  • “Assume the reader knows nothing about you and considers you hostile until proven otherwise.” Well shit, I am not used to writing defensively.  I live my life in high trust, high transparency environments and prefer it that way.
  • Your advice doesn’t apply to $x.”  True!  I didn’t bracket it in layers of padding — “this is just what worked for me”, “may not apply to every situation” — because I thought that was freaking obvious.
  • It sounds like you are shit talking all diversity efforts.” No, but I was waving vaguely in the direction of some very cynical and tired feelings on the subject. I’m pretty over corporate diversity issues and pinkwashing that doesn’t expand opportunity or share power.
  • It sounds like you are shitting on all women.” Oof. This is the one that is really painful, because this is the one I have been working hard on for close to 20 years… and should have seen coming. I did intend to put some space between myself and women in tech, because I don’t exactly identify as a woman.. exactly.  I grew up fundamentalist and misogynist af, and have been working hard to recover from that ever since I left home at 15.
  • Maybe you shouldn’t give advice to women at all.” Courtney challenged me on whether I should speak to women, given my ambivalence wrt my own gender identification. Which is an interesting question that I have pondered a lot.

This was all desperately inevitable and predictable, however, and I made some unforced errors. So let’s talk about what I do and don’t regret about all this, and what I would or would not do differently.

witch

Regrets/No regrets

NO REGRETS: giving the advice. It’s good advice, it needed to be said. I’m tired of seeing women burn themselves out on shitty corporate diversity work that only diverts their energy from amassing real power and strategic impact.  Not sorry.

REGRETS: I was sloppy about waving in the direction of my gender issues. I intended to put some space between myself and “women’s issues”, because I don’t exactly identify as a woman, exactly, and I have always felt uncomfortable in women’s spaces. Given the historic devaluation of women’s spaces and issues, I should have been clearer. I am sorry.

NO REGRETS: I think it’s fine for me to give advice to women if they ask, which they do. After all I was raised as a woman, have always been read and treated as one, and assumed there was no other option for 30+ years. I get to speak.  Not sorry.

SEMI-REGRETS: I still can’t figure how anyone managed to project into my piece that I was slamming all diversity work. I said somewhat colorfully that a lot of the advice didn’t work for me and wasn’t my favorite thing to dwell on, in the same grouchy grumbly tone that I use when bitching about query planners and terraform variable interpolation. I don’t think this would have been a big deal if the frenzy hadn’t gotten whipped up, but if anyone genuinely felt hurt or dismissed by it, I can be sorry for that.

REGRETS: the impact it had on my poor engineering managers and other people who work with me. They are still being asked to denounce me or defend me and their decision to work with me. So deeply not ok. I am sorry — but that’s really on you, internet assholes.

BIGGEST REGRETS: any accidental cover given to misogynists. By far the most annoying thing about the brouhaha has been when men with toxic views compliment me because they think I’m agreeing with them.  I am NOT, so get off me.  Sorry not sorry.

SADDEST REGRETS: my plummeting opinion of the feminist internet trash mob. I am a feminist and damn proud of it, but I am also disgusted by the hyperperformative boundary policing of certain self-proclaimed “tech feminists”. If your great joy in life is roving the interwebs looking for any toes pressing a line so you can rapturously castigate them and shun them until they have licked your boots and begged for forgiveness … if you love performing elaborate outrage rituals and whipping up a frenzy of whispers or a witch hunt… then:

laralittleFuck. The Fuck. Off. You are an embarrassment. This is about your ego, and your manufactured grievance machines are Not Helping.

I honestly thought these feminist pile-on mobs were a right-wing fantasy, and I’m sad that I was wrong. I’m also pretty sad about all the folks who know me and have every reason to know better.  In my world you check in with your friends before leaping to judgment, and you help teach each other when you’re being stupid. A pretty dismal number of people I would have called friends just leapt excitedly into the fray passing judgment.

So now I know more about who my friends are.

richer

In conclusion

Why even stick my neck out? I guessed something might go wrong, I just didn’t know what. So why?

Because I want to help, dammit. The farther I get in my career the more time I spend pondering how to bring others along with me, how to open the gates a little wider.

I’ve gotten to do a few things. I have tried to create an equitable, respectful working environment where everyone can do their best work, with managers who are passionate about diversity and strong where I am weak.

But … I have felt very often alienated by the messaging and attempts to help women.  I can’t be the only one who responds more to a strategic message than an empathetic one, who feels condescended to and patronized by the mainstream corporate efforts.

I can’t be the only one who feels simmering resentment every time I get held up as a successful “woman in tech” (the world’s worst participation trophy). I don’t want a fucking consolation prize. I want to sweep the competition, I want to change the world. I can’t be the only one who hungers for power, money and credibility.

I know I’m not, actually. I know because they are telling me. The response has been at least 100-1 positive in private — from junior women especially — thanking me for being brutally honest and treating them like adults, like equals.  (I’ve been told there are armies of women who feel dreadfully hurt but too afraid to say so.  Pity if true, as they say.)

There has always been tension between the people who see the world as it is and fight to succeed in it, and the people who opt out and refuse to participate because it’s compromised.  The world needs us both.  So shut the fuck up and let the kids pick for themselves.

And maybe stop persecuting the people who stand with you.

charity.

P.S. check out Jen Andre’s eloquent restatement of it all.  it’s so great.

nobodies

Charity todo items

  • If I ever again write anything about women or diversity, have someone I trust proof before publishing
  • Remember how much of my audience doesn’t know shit about me, and won’t or can’t assume the best of my intentions
  • Wrap statements in exception handlers about this being my experience blah blah
  • Try not to let people get under my skin and spark a personal reaction
  • Derive somewhat less pleasure from smacking down assholes on the internet, even when they deserve it. [ASPIRATIONAL] [WONTFIX]
Post-mortem: feminist advice meltdown (March 2nd)

Money, power and credibility

I don’t really do “women stuff”.  I don’t really identify with any gender and I find a lot of the advice to be condescending and overly delicate, and it’s just a really boring thing to think and talk about. For me.IMG_9847

But I’m feeling guilty after turning down a bunch of requests to do shit for International Women’s Day next week.  So I’m gonna do a thing I’ve been avoiding doing for years, and write down my (deeply problematic but practical) advice.

  1. Toughen up.  For your first 10 years or 3 jobs in the industry, you’re a junior contributor.  You need them way more than they need you, so suck it up.  Try not to dwell on the bullshit.  Work hard and level up and always angle for more money and power when you can.
  2. Stay technical.  There are a thousand paved ramps out of engineering roles and only a few hard paths back in.  Technical excellence is currency in this industry, even more so if your credibility is gonna get challenged again and again.  So don’t stop engineering til you’re great at it.
  3. Use your power for good.  Once you become a senior contributor — and i’m not talking bullshit titles but real seniority, when people are coming to you for help far more than you go to them — then you can afford to get sensitive.  …On behalf of others.  The research convincingly shows that women get punished for advocating for themselves, but not for advocating for others.  It’s a sweet loophole, use it.

If you feel like table flipping out of tech, just remember the rest of the world is at LEAST as sexist as tech is, but without the money and power and ridiculous life-coddling.  Where exactly do you think you’re going to go?

Don’t quit tech: quit your job.  There are LOTS of tolerable-to-great companies out there.  If you stay and suffer, you’re just rewarding the shitholes with your presence.  Don’t reward the shitholes any more than you can help it.

Learn shit, save your money, amass great power.  Then use it to fuck shit up.

IMG_9885

Money, power and credibility